20 November, Monday


Last exit from Myanmar, Rohingya Muslims wait for weeks on beach

Society

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Some 1,000 Rohingya Muslims desperate to leave Myanmar are camped on this exposed, sun-baked beach on the Bay of Bengal waiting for a boat to carry them to sanctuary in Bangladesh.
 
Having kept northern parts of Rakhine State virtually off limits since it launched violence there on Aug. 25, Myanmar's military made a rare show of openness on Sunday by taking foreign journalists to see one of the beaches from which Rohingya are trying to escape.
 
Well over 600,000 Rohingya Muslims have fled to Bangladesh to find shelter in the refugee camps, the living victims of what a top U.N. official has called "ethnic cleansing".
 
For the Rohingya at Ah Lei Than Kyaw, some 5 km south of the mouth of the Naf river, the beach is a kind of purgatory.
 
Mohammad Eidnou, a 19-year-old labourer, sold his house and belongings but he and his family have spent everything surviving for the past two months and have no money to pay the $50 a head that boatmen are demanding to take them to Bangladesh.
 
"I don't want to go back to my village because there is nothing for us," Eidnou told Reuters. "We cannot survive."
 
A Rohingya Muslim woman stands as she waits to cross the border to go to Bangladesh, in a temporary camp outside Maungdaw, northern Rakhine state, Myanmar.
 
Some have been stuck there for over a month, sweltering under the plastic sheeting used to make tents and existing on handouts proved by the Myanmar Red Cross Society.
 
Others came just a few days ago, a sign that the flight of the Rohingya to Bangladesh is far from over. The International Rescue Committee reckons that two-thirds of some 300,000 left in Myanmar could leave in the next couple of months.
 
On the beach at Ah Lei Than Kyaw, 30-year-old Sauli Mullahhe was thinking only of getting away.
 
Like several other men, he described how things had got so bad that he could no longer go to work or his children to school. He could not get to a pharmacy when they fell sick, or go to a market to buy food and said the authorities had even stopped Rohingya leaving the village to fish.
 
"I could not have survived anymore," Mullahhe said. "I will not go back to my village, I really hope to cross the Naf river to get to Bangladesh."
 
Myanmar border guard police force patrol near the Myanmar-Bangladeshi border outside Maungdaw, northern Rakhine state, Myanmar.
 
Rohingya among the hundreds who reached Bangladesh on rickety boats and rafts late last week told Reuters they had left thousands of others behind in miserable conditions on the Pa Nyaung Pin Gyi beach, at the mouth of the Naf.
 
The military-arranged media trip did not extend that far up the coast.
 
Many of the Rohingya living in the camps in Cox's Bazar, on the Bangladesh side of the Naf river, have recounted how their relatives were raped and murdered as they ran from villages set ablaze by Myanmar soldiers.
 
On Wednesday, U.S. Secretary of State Rex Tillerson will visit Myanmar for talks with the country's leadership, while senators back in Washington press for economic and travel sanctions against the military and its business interests.

 

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